C# vs Lua

C# vs Lua Popularirty, Salary, Performance, Features, and Applications

If you want to work on games, web applications, desktop applications, or graphic software, you should learn Lua.

Lua is a powerful, efficient, lightweight, embeddable scripting language. Lua is intended to be embedded into other applications.

It supports procedural programming, object-oriented programming, functional programming, data-driven programming, and data description.

On the other hand, C# is a modern, multiparadigm, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language.

C# enables developers to build many types of secure and robust applications that run in .NET.

If you want to work on video games, web applications, desktop applications, and augmented and virtual reality applications, you should learn C#.

C# programming

Comparing programming languages and choosing which one to learn or use for your next project can be tricky.

There are many factors to consider in order to choose the right programming language for the job you want to do.

Popularity, opportunities, type of projects, salaries, resources, learning curve, etc. are some of the factors that many people consider when comparing programming languages and choosing which one to learn or use.

Here are some of the comparisons and considerations you should make when choosing to learn a new programming language.


Comparing the popularity of programming languages is not an easy task because each programming language is different.

Although the usage of many programming languages may intersect, different fields and projects may require the use of different programming languages.

Plus, other programming languages have been around for a longer time than others, giving them more time to be tried and tested, so, bear that in mind.

If you want to learn a programming language solely for its popularity among developers, you should learn C# over Lua.

Generally, C# is more popular than Lua. As of June 2023, The TIOBE index ranks C# as the 5th most popular programming language while Lua is ranked as the 32nd most popular programming language.

According to a Stack Overflow survey of 2023, C# is the 8th most commonly used programming language, it is used by 27.62% of developers.

On the other hand, Lua is the 17th most commonly used programming language, it is used by 6.09% of developers according to the same survey.

Further, C# is also admired by more developers than Lua, C# is admired by 62.87% of developers while Lua is admired by 47.98% of developers.

Ultimately, if your choice of which programming language to learn depends on popularity, you should learn C# over Lua.

Also read Is Learning C# Worth It?


Another popular criterion that many people use to compare programming languages and as an incentive to learn a new programming language is salary.

Salaries for developers differ from one company to the other and from one country to the other.

Experience is another factor that comes into play as far as salaries are concerned.

The more experience you have with a certain technology or programming language, the more likely you are of getting a higher salary.

Generally, Lua developers get higher salaries than C# developers. According to a Stack Overflow survey of top-paying programming languages, Lua developers get a median salary of $80,690 per year

On the other hand, C# developers get a median salary of $74,963 per year, about $6000 less than Lua developers.

So, if the salary is your major incentive for learning a programming language, you should learn Lua over C#, because you are more likely to get a higher salary as a Lua developer than as a C# developer.

Here are 10 Programming Languages that Pay more than $90,000


Some programming languages can be learned more easily than others.

If you want a programming language that is beginner-friendly and can be used to develop different types of applications, you should learn Lua over C#.

Lua is generally easy to learn and work with than C#. It has few rules and comes with only 21 Keywords. It is also easy to maintain a Lua codebase even when the project is huge.

Many developers point “Fast learning curve” as the leading cause for choosing and learning Lua.

If you are coming from a Java, Scala, or Kotlin background, you will find and C# very easy to work with.

The good news is that there are plenty of helpful resources for both Lua and C# to help you learn the languages.

The Lua and C# communities are very active and helpful, in case you get stuck with something.


In general, Lua provides better performance than C#, there are some cases where C# provides better performance than Lua but generally, Lua is more performant than C#.

Lua is a very fast language, the designers of Lua focused on improving its speed, portability, extensibility, and ease of use in development.

When Lua is used with its just-in-time compiler, it is widely regarded as one of the fastest scripting languages in the world.

In general, Lua strives to provide simple, flexible meta-features that can be extended as needed.

Lua is also distributed in a small package and builds out-of-the-box in all platforms that have a standard C compiler.

Another great advantage of Lua is that you can run Lua code in a C program or run C code in a Lua program using a simple Lua C API.

This makes it easy to embed high-performance C code in Lua programs and other applications.

Lua is used by many companies such as Adobe, Redis, Venmo, Lost Mable LLC, Aerospike, Wikipedia, Shopify, Close, Thumbtack, Roblox, Tokopedia, Unacademy, and many others.

C# runs on the .NET, which gives C# a lot of features, functionality, and boosted performance. The .NET also includes extensive libraries, these libraries support many different workloads. 

C# code compiles to CLR (Common Language Runtime) which provides a lot of advantages to .NET developers.

C# has many amazing features that make it suitable for game development, full-stack web development, desktop app development, machine learning, and Augmented and Virtual Reality app development.

C# has the ability to utilize Language Integrated Query (LINQ) through the .NET Framework. This allows a developer to work with data from any source.

It also has asynchronous operations that provide syntax for building distributed systems.

Other popular C# features that make C# applications secure and robust include Nullable Types, Garbage Collection, Lambda Expressions, Exception Handling, etc.

C# is used by many companies such as Stack Overflow, Forza Horizon, Microsoft, UPS, Tencent, Alaska Airlines, BBC, Just Giving, FreshDirect, BBVA, LightSail, Astro Reality, VQ Communications, GoDaddy, Raygun, and many others.


Lua and C# are very popular languages for game development. The popular game engines CryEngine and Unity 3D game Engine use Lua and C# for game scripting respectively.

Lua is one of the best programming languages for game development, it is a fast, and powerful language that makes it well suited for making powerful, performant Games.

Lua is commonly used for AAA-level games, by using Lua, you will be able to develop amazing games that can attract the attention of many users.

There are many games that have been developed using Lua that have a huge user base. Some of the notable ones include

  • Far Cry
  • Angry Birds
  • Call of Duty
  • World of Warcraft
  • Plague Lords
  • Crysis Remastered
  • Company of Heroes
  • Demigod
  • FlatOut
  • Blossom Blast Saga
  • Roblox
  • Family Island
  • Ryse: Son of Rome
  • Aporia: Beyond the Valley
  • Travel Blast
  • Rift
  • Star Wars: Battle Front
  • The Witcher
  • Civilization
  • Dark Souls
  • Sniper Ghost Warrior
  • Uninvited Guest
  • And many others

C# is very popular among game developers; it is easy to work with and that makes it a popular choice for indie game developers. C# is used by many game studios to develop high-quality games.

C# can be used to develop games for consoles, desktops, mobile devices, and VR platforms. There are many game engines that make it easy to develop games using C#.

Some of the popular games made with C# include

  • Pokemon Go,
  • Monument Valley 2,
  • Tempo Run,
  • Robocraft,
  • Angry Birds,
  • Sonic Dash,
  • Marvel Strike Force,
  • Iron Man VR,
  • Lara Croft Go,
  • Super Mario Run,
  • and many others.

Ultimately, if you want to make beautiful high-performance games quickly, you should learn C# and if you want to develop high-performance AAA-level games, you should learn Lua.


Once you have compared the languages and evaluated all the factors, you can choose which programming language to learn or use depending on the factors that are on your side and what you want to build.

If you want to work on games, web applications, desktop applications, graphics software and get a higher salary, you should learn Lua over C#.

If you want a popular language that you can use to work on games, web applications, desktop applications, and augmented and virtual reality apps, machine learning, you should learn C# over Lua.