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Do mobile apps use HTML and CSS?
Yes, there are many mobile app development frameworks that use HTML and CSS to make mobile applications.
In today’s insight, we are going to look at how mobile apps are built using HTML and CSS.
We will cover some of the frameworks used and the apps built with these frameworks.
A mobile app can be developed in three major ways;
Native Platforms: You can use native platforms, that is Android Studio for Android and Xcode for IOS.
You need to know Java or Kotlin to develop apps in Android Studio and Swift to develop IOS apps with Xcode.
Native Cross Platform: Another option is to use cross-platform frameworks that allow you to develop Android and IOS mobile apps from one codebase.
Hybrid Frameworks: The other option is to use hybrid frameworks which use web technologies to develop cross-platform mobile apps from one codebase.
According to a 2021 Statista developer survey, roughly one-third of mobile developers use cross-platform technologies or frameworks; the rest of mobile developers use native tools.
MAKING MOBILE APPS WITH HTML AND CSS
With the development and advancement of mobile app frameworks, mobile apps for Android, iOS, and Windows have never been so easy to develop, with just one codebase, you can develop apps for all three platforms.
Let us look at these platforms, their advantages and disadvantages, and the apps you can make.
BEST HTML MOBILE APP FRAMEWORK
Ionic Framework is used to develop amazing cross-platform mobile, web, and desktop apps, all with one shared code base and open-web standards.
Ionic offers a library of mobile-optimized UI components (buttons, cards, action sheets, search bar, etc.), gestures, and tools for building fast highly interactive apps.
You can use pure HTML and CSS whenever you want for your app UI. I used Ionic to develop a Fellowship Hymn application for our church with just HTML and CSS.
You can also use React, Angular, or Vue. Ionic uses Cordova or capacitor plugins to access device native features such as Camera, File System, Vibration, Contacts, device orientation, etc.
Some of the companies using the Ionic framework include NHS, Sworkit, Sanvello, Siberian CMS, EA, DayClocks, Samaritan’s Purse, BBC Children’s Game, Disney, Norwex, Volkswagen, T-Mobile, etc.
Some of the apps made with Cordova include Untappd, Localeur, SparkChess, Pacifica, FanReact, JustWatch, One Verse Bible, Series Seven, Clever Baby, and many others.
React Native is an open-source framework for cross-platform mobile app development, it was created by Meta and it has a huge community of helpful developers.
It is used to develop applications for Android, Android TV, iOS, macOS, tvOS, Web, Windows, and UWP by enabling developers to use the React framework along with native platform capabilities.
Other HTML mobile app development frameworks include
- FRAMEWORK 7
- ONSEN UI
ADVANTAGES OF DEVELOPING MOBILE APPS WITH WEB TECHNOLOGIES
Developing Mobile apps with web technologies is inexpensive, you only need one team of developers to develop both an Android and IOS app.
You will save a lot of development time by using web technologies for developing mobile apps.
It is also easy and inexpensive to maintain one codebase for both Android, IOS, and Windows.
DISADVANTAGES OF HYBRID MOBILE APPS
Mobile apps built with web technologies are slow compared to native apps.
They also rely on third-party plugins to access the native features of a device (camera, file system, vibration, etc.)
Some functionality of hybrid mobile apps is limited to the availability of plugins.
If you are interested in developing mobile applications, check out our article A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO MOBILE APP DEVELOPMENT (STEP BY STEP).