CockroachDB vs MySQL

CockroachDB vs MySQL

CockroachDB is a distributed database with standard SQL for cloud applications.  It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store.

CockroachDB is designed to run in the cloud and has a high fault tolerance. Many developers and users describe it as “almost impossible” to take down.

On the other hand, MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It is fast, reliable, scalable, and easy to use.

MySQL is a very powerful database system, it was originally developed to handle databases quickly. It is one of the most popular databases used by many big companies.

Comparing databases and choosing which one to learn or use for your next project can be tricky.

There are many factors to consider in order to choose the right database for the job you want to do.

Popularity, opportunities, type of projects, salaries, resources, learning curve, etc. are some of the factors that many people consider when comparing databases and choosing which one to learn or use.

Here are some of the comparisons and considerations you should make when choosing a Database.


Comparing the popularity of databases is not an easy task. Although the primary use of databases is to store and retrieve data, many databases are different in how they approach data storage and retrieval.

As a result, different fields and projects may require the use of different databases. This is why many companies use more than one database.

If you want to learn or use a database solely for its popularity among developers, you should learn and use MySQL over CockroachDB.

Generally, MySQL is more popular than CockroachDB. As of June 2023, DB-ENGINES ranks MySQL as the 2nd most popular database and CockroachDB is ranked as the 65th most popular database.

According to a Stack Overflow survey of 2022, MySQL is the most popular database, it is used by 46.85% of developers.

On the other hand, CockroachDB does not appear among the 17 databases reported in this survey.

Ultimately, if your choice of which database to learn or use depends on popularity, you should learn MySQL over CockroachDB.

It is worth noting that CockroachDB is a newer database technology compared to MySQL, CockroachDB was developed in 2015.


Both MySQL and CockroachDB are high-performance databases.

MySQL has a long history and is widely used in various applications. It has been optimized over the years and offers good performance for typical relational database workloads.

MySQL can handle high read and write loads efficiently and has a mature query optimizer that can optimize queries for better execution.

CockroachDB, on the other hand, is specifically designed for scalability and high availability. It uses a distributed architecture that allows it to distribute data and workload across multiple nodes.

This design enables CockroachDB to scale horizontally and handle large-scale deployments effectively.

CockroachDB’s distributed nature can provide better performance for applications that require high scalability and fault tolerance.



Cockroach is described as a scalable, consistently-replicated, transactional datastore. A single instance can scale from a single laptop to thousands of servers.

CockroachDB replicates data across multiple nodes so that even with the loss of a node or region, you can be sure data is always available and transactions can always be committed.

CockroachDB aims to provide the same ease of use as traditional SQL databases while offering horizontal scalability across multiple nodes.

It is known for its ability to handle large-scale deployments and is often chosen for distributed and cloud-native applications.

CockroachDB is used by companies such Twitter, Comcast, SALTO, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Bitski, DigitalOcean, Shipt, DoorDash, Five9, Kami, AllSaints, Devsisters, Nubank, Mythical Games, Starburst Data, Hard Rock Digital, Pismo, Fortinet, Coats, and many others.


MySQL is a well-established and widely used relational database management system (RDBMS) that follows the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) principles.

It ensures data integrity and provides support for complex relationships between data through the use of tables, columns, and relationships.

MySQL also delivers a complete set of native, fully integrated replication technologies for high availability and disaster recovery.

Replication enables data redundancy, load balancing, and failover in case of hardware or network failures.

MySQL has a large and active community of developers and users, which means there is a vast amount of resources, tutorials, and community support available.

It also benefits from a wide range of third-party tools, libraries, and frameworks that integrate seamlessly with MySQL.

MySQL is used by companies such as Youtube, Facebook, PayPal, LinkedIn, Twitter, eBay, Cisco, Verizon, Uber, Shopify, Netflix, Github, Walmart,, Flipkart, Tencent, Alibaba, Paytm, Bank of America, WordPress, Wikipedia, and many others.


MySQL is an open-source database, which means that it is free to use and there are no licensing costs associated with it.

However, you will need to pay for the infrastructure to host the database, which may include costs for servers, storage, and bandwidth.

You may also need to pay for additional services like monitoring, backup, and maintenance.

CockroachDB offers 4 packages, which are

CockroachDB Core: open-source and free to use with fundamental capabilities

Serverless: $0/month with payments for additional storage and requests

Dedicated: $295/month

Self-Hosted: Price can be requested.

Cockroach DB Pricing


Once you have compared the databases and evaluated all the factors, you can choose which database technology to learn or use depending on the factors that are on your side and what you want to build.

If you want a popular, open-source relational database that you can use for complex queries, full-text search, advanced datatypes, and more, you should use MySQL.

If you want a distributed SQL database designed for scalability, high availability, fault-tolerance, and consistency, you should use CockroachDB.