Go vs Haskell Popularity, Salaries, Performance, Features, and Applications
If you are interested in building command line interfaces, cloud & network services, web applications, DevOps, and Site Reliability, you should learn Go.
Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language that makes it easy to build secure, scalable systems.
On the other hand, if you are interested in building system tools, compilers, blockchain platforms, web applications, cryptography applications, fintech, etc. you should learn Haskell.
Haskell is a general-purpose, purely functional programming language. It was designed for research, teaching, and industrial applications.
Comparing programming languages and choosing which one to learn or use for your next project can be tricky.
There are many factors to consider in order to choose the right programming language for the job you want to do.
Popularity, opportunities, type of projects, salaries, resources, learning curve, etc. are some of the factors that many people consider when comparing programming languages and choosing which one to learn or use.
Here are some of the comparisons and considerations you should make when choosing to learn a new programming language.
GO VS HASKELL POPULARITY
Comparing the popularity of programming languages is not an easy task because each programming language is different.
Although the usage of many programming languages may intersect, different fields and projects may require the use of different programming languages.
Plus, other programming languages have been around for a longer time than others, giving them more time to be tried and tested, so, bear that in mind.
If you want to learn a programming language solely for its popularity among developers, you should learn Go over Haskell.
Generally, Go is more popular than Haskell. As of July 2023, The TIOBE index ranks Go as the 14th most popular programming language while Haskell is ranked as the 31st most popular programming language.
According to a Stack Overflow survey of 2023, Go is the 13th most commonly used programming language, it is used by 13.27% of developers.
On the other hand, Haskell is the 31st most commonly used programming language, it is used by 2.09% of developers according to the same survey.
Further, Go is admired by a lot of developers than Haskell, Go is admired by 62.45% of developers while Haskell is admired by 52.21% of developers.
Ultimately, if your choice of which programming language to learn depends on popularity, you should learn Go over Haskell.
Also read Can Go be used for Game Development
GO VS HASKELL SALARY
Another popular criterion that many people use to compare programming languages and as an incentive to learn a new programming language is salary.
Salaries for developers differ from one company to the other and from one country to the other.
Experience is another factor that comes into play as far as salaries are concerned.
The more experience you have with a certain technology or programming language, the more likely you are of getting a higher salary.
Generally, Go developers get higher salaries than Haskell developers. Glassdoor reported that in the United States, Go developers with 1 – 3 years of experience get an estimated salary of $116,738 per year.
On the other hand, Haskell developers with 1 – 3 years of experience get an estimated salary of $98,956 per year, about $17,700 less than Go developers.
According to a Stack Overflow survey of top-paying programming languages, Go developers get a median salary of $92,760 per year and Haskell developers get an average salary of $85,672 per year.
So, if the salary is your major incentive for learning a programming language, you should learn Go over Haskell, because you are more likely to get a higher salary as a Go developer than as a Haskell developer.
HASKELL VS GO WHICH ONE IS EASIER
Some programming languages can be learned more easily than others.
If you want a programming language that is beginner-friendly and can be used to develop different types of applications, you should learn Go.
Go is generally considered to be easier to learn than Haskell. This is because Go has a simpler syntax and semantics than Haskell.
For example, Go does not have type inference, which means that you must explicitly specify the types of variables and expressions.
Haskell, on the other hand, has type inference, which means that the compiler can infer the types of variables and expressions from their context. T
his can make Haskell code more concise and expressive, but it can also make it more difficult to understand for beginners.
In addition, Go has a more traditional imperative programming style, while Haskell has a more functional programming style.
Imperative programming is a style of programming where you tell the computer what to do step-by-step.
Functional programming is a style of programming where you express the desired output of a program, and the computer figures out how to get there.
Functional programming can be more difficult to learn for beginners, but it can also lead to more concise, reliable, and efficient code.
The good news is that there are plenty of helpful resources for both Haskell and Go to help you learn the languages.
The Haskell and Go communities are very active and helpful, in case you get stuck with something.
Also read Should web developers know Haskell
HASKELL VS GO PERFORMANCE
In terms of performance, Go is generally faster than Haskell. There are specific cases where Haskell is more performant than Go but generally Go is faster than Haskell.
Go is a highly performant language. Go programs are compiled into native binaries bound to the operating system, this makes Go programs fast and efficient.
Haskell, on the other hand, is often associated with high-level abstractions and purity, which can introduce some overhead.
Haskell’s lazy evaluation strategy and emphasis on immutability may affect its runtime performance in certain cases.
However, Haskell compilers like GHC (Glasgow Haskell Compiler) incorporate sophisticated optimization techniques that can significantly improve performance, and Haskell programs can be highly optimized when written with care.
GO VS HASKELL FEATURES AND APPLICATIONS
Go has great unique features that make it suitable for building command line interfaces, cloud & network services, DevOps & Site Reliability, etc.
Go has features such as built-in concurrency, memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and a robust standard library that makes development quick and straightforward.
Go powers some of the complex applications made by companies like Twitter, Uber, Cloudflare, American Express, Capital One, PayPal, Meta, Wild Life, Allegro, Dropbox, Netflix, Trivago, Microsoft, Salesforce, Twitch, Stream, Google, Riot Games, Target, and many others.
Haskell is a purely functional programming language; this means that functions generally have no side effects.
Haskell’s notable features include statically typed, type inference, concurrency, lazy evaluation, pattern matching, list comprehension, etc.
These and many other features make Haskell a popular choice for industrial applications.
Haskell is used by Facebook to implement its anti-spam programs. The Cardano blockchain platform is implemented in Haskell.
The Target stores’ supply chain optimization software is also written in Haskell.
Other companies that use Haskell include GitHub, New York Times, Bluespec, Standard Chartered, Microsoft, Google, Hasura, Bitnomial, Intel, Siemens, Serokell, Foxhound Systems, Stack Builders, AT&T, Scarf, Fission, Mercury, and many others.
SHOULD I LEARN HASKELL OR GO
Once you have compared the languages and evaluated all the factors, you can choose which programming language to learn or use depending on the factors that are on your side and what you want to build.
If you are interested in building command line interfaces, cloud & network services, web applications, DevOps, Site Reliability, and potentially getting a high salary, you should learn Go
If you want to work on building system tools, compilers, blockchain platforms, web applications, cryptography applications, fintech, etc. you should learn Haskell.