Python Web Development

Python Web Development

Python is one of the most popular languages for web development. It is used by many developers to build full-stack web applications. Python has some of the best, easy-to-use web development frameworks to pick from.

Python is easy to use, its syntax is easy to write and understand. It is a great language for beginners and a powerful language for experienced developers. It powers some of the complex applications developed by companies like Google, NASA, IBM, Microsoft, Meta, Cisco, and many others.

Python has a large standard library that provides tools suited for many applications. It supports many standard protocols and formats like HTTP, MIME, and many others. It also includes modules that can be used for relational database connection, unit testing, and manipulation of regular expressions.

Python is great for web development because Python’s standard library supports many Internet protocols such as HTML and XML, JSON, E-mail processing, Support for FTP, IMAP, and other Internet protocols. It also supports an easy-to-use socket interface.

According to a Stack Overflow survey of 2022, Python is the 3rd most popular language behind SQL and Javascript (excluding HTML/CSS). Python is loved and respected by the developer community.

According to the same survey, Python is the 6th most loved programming language. It is loved by 67.34% of developers versus 32.66% of developers who dreaded it.

The other reason Python is loved is that it is easy and straightforward to deploy its applications to production. There are many platforms that you can use to deploy web applications, some of them include DigitalOcean, Google Cloud Platform, Versel, Heroku, AWS, and many others.

WHAT MAKES PYTHON SUITABLE FOR WEB DEVELOPMENT?

Python is great for web development because the Python’s standard library supports many Internet protocols such as HTML and XML, JSON, E-mail processing, Support for FTP, IMAP, and other Internet protocols. It also supports an easy-to-use socket interface.

Python is also easy to learn and use. It has an English-like syntax that makes it easy to understand code. Python allows you to do more with less code compared to other programming languages and frameworks.

Python has many web development resources, libraries, and frameworks to help you develop web applications quickly and easily. It also has a large community of developers who can help you in case you get stuck with something.

PYTHON WEB FRAMEWORKS

Python is used to develop full-stack web applications using a number of popular web frameworks. You will not run out of choices when it comes to Python Web Frameworks. Here are some of the popular python web frameworks used to develop web applications

DJANGO

Django is one of the most popular web development frameworks out there, it was used to build part of the Instagram backend. According to a 2022 Stack Overflow survey, Django is the most popular Python-based web framework.

Django makes it easier to build better web applications more quickly and with less code. It is very good for rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. Django is also highly secure and exceedingly scalable.

FLASK

Flask is the second most popular Python-based web framework. It is a lightweight web application framework used to build full-stack web applications with Python. It is easy to use and you can implement a lot of functionality with just a few lines of code.

CHERRYPY

CherryPy is a minimalist Python web development framework. It allows developers to build web applications in much the same way they would build any other object-oriented Python program. As a result, you will be able to do more with less code and less development time.

WEB2PY

Web2Py is a full-stack Python-based web framework. It allows developers to quickly build fast, secure, scalable, and portable database-driven web applications. Web2Py is a “batteries included” framework.

Meaning that you will be provided with everything you need in one package including a fast multi-threaded web server, SQL database, and web-based interface. There is no need for third-party dependencies but it works with third-party tools.

FAST API

FastAPI is loved and respected by the developer community. It is the most loved Python-based Web Framework. According to a Stack Overflow survey, FastAPI is loved by 67.74% of developers versus 32.26% of developers who dreaded it.

FastAPI is a modern, high-performance, web framework for building Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). FastAPI as the name suggests is very fast, its performance is on par with other technologies like Node.js and Go.

HUG

Hug simplifies the process of developing APIs. With hug, you can design and develop your API once, then expose it however your clients need to consume it. Be it locally, over HTTP, or through the command line.

Hug is regarded as one of the fastest and most modern ways to create APIs. It is built to consume resources only when necessary and is then compiled with Cython to achieve amazing performance.

There are many other frameworks that you can use to build full-stack web applications with Python. Some of these include BOTTLE, FALCON, CUBICWEB, DASH, PYRAMID, ZAPPA, TURBOGEARS, TORNADO, REQUESTS, SCRAPY, and many others.

COMPANIES USING PYTHON FOR WEB DEVELOPMENT

Python is used by many companies to build websites and web applications. Some of the popular companies using Python for web development include

  • Meta
  • Pinterest,
  • Microsoft,
  • Uber,
  • Open Stack,
  • Mozilla,
  • Netflix,
  • Dropbox,
  • Spotify,
  • Reddit,
  • National Geographic,
  • Knight Foundation,
  • Disqus, and many others.

If you would like to learn web development, Python is the best programming language to pick, it is easy to work with and you will be able to build amazing web applications with less code and in less time. I have written a guide to Become a self-taught web developer.

PYTHON AND FRONTED FRAMEWORKS

Python integrates perfectly with many front-end frameworks. You can use Python with React, Vue, Angular, Svelte, and many other front-end frameworks. You can use Python on the backend and any frontend framework of your choice on the client side.

For example, you can use Django on the backend and React.js on the frontend. Then you can use React to make HTTP requests to your Django REST API in order to fetch and set data. This makes it easy to develop web applications using different technologies.

It is worth noting that you must be familiar with HTML, CSS, and Javascript to be able to build web applications with Python. These core web technologies are required for the browser to understand your web application.

CONCLUSION

Python has many resources and web frameworks to help you develop many types of web applications. Python web development skills are in demand in the industry. You will give yourself a great advantage by acquiring web development skills.

Udacity has a Python-based, full-stack web development nanodegree program to equip learners with the unique skills they need to build database-backed APIs and web applications. Try the Udacity Web Development Program.